Climate changes affect palm oil production in Cameroon
Cameroon’s annual production, both rural and industrial, is estimated at about 360000 tons of palm oil. Meanwhile, the country is facing a structural deficit of crude palm oil of about 130000 tons per year.
Moreover, according to the Cameroon Association of Oleaginous Refiners, “adverse weather conditions in 2016 lead to predict the persistence of a low production of about 20% in 2017”.
Climate changes affect palm oil production. Precisely, seasons are actually changing, causing rains to fall on unexpected periods and dried season to last more or less longer that usually.
Meanwhile, according to oleaginous professionals, “palm tree needs rotation between rain and sun. In absence of this rotation, nuts can not mature. If they do not mature at the right moment, that is during their maturity period, they do not produce oil or they do not produce enough as expected”.
Palm farms are affected not only by effects of climate changes but the production of palm nut is also facing problems of regeneration of the main farms that provide most of the national nuts’ production.
“We noted an ageing of farms at SOCAPALM, CDC and Palmoil, which needs an important investment for the extension and the regeneration of farms”, as explained by Emmanuel Paul Nkoulou Ada, President of the Oleaginous Sector Regulation Committee, in an interview granted last June to the magazine Cameroon Business Today.
It should be noted that companies such as SOCAPALM, CDC and PALMOIL alone, provide half of the local production of palm nuts.